Latin For Flower

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Latin For Flower – Plants are trying to tell us something – if only we learn their official language, Botanical Latin.

“I am the juniper that carpets the ground,” says Juniperus horizontalis (its other name, Juniperus prostrata, also shows claws in its appearance).

Latin For Flower

Latin For Flower

Aster alpinus says: “My ancestors came from above the timber line – you know, like the Alps. I don’t understand some dust and clay in your garden.

Desert Rose Latin Name Adenium Obesum Flowers Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 43538331

Not all plant names thus provide easy clues about characteristics such as appearance, preferred conditions, or place of origin. However, it pays to dig deep, and I am grateful to many old school, formally trained horticulturists, my first garden teachers, who used Latin botany with confidence.

Now, a new book called “The Gardener’s Botanical: An Encyclopedia of Latin Plant Names” encourages me to sharpen my skills. The author, Ross Beighton, earned a doctorate in plant taxonomy at the University of Reading and the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, England, and is now the assistant director of the community Heronswood Gardens in Kingston, Wash.

Knowing the genus of a plant, like a hydrangea, doesn’t tell you the whole story. The second word in the botanical Latin binomial—the name of the species or a specific adjective modifying the genus—provides additional clues, perhaps describing the plant’s place of origin or its form. In the case of Hydrangea macrophylla, this means a large leaf. Courtesy… Drawing from “The Gardener’s Botanical”.

Dr. Beighton learned his first botanical Latin word at age 11, from his mother’s favorite sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, a plant she grew every year.

Houseplant Anthurium Latin Anth Rium

“I learned that it was fragrant, and then I saw Viola odorata and Gallium odoratum on the labels of other plants in my own garden,” he recalled. “That started it all for me.”

In his garden, the soft (Acanthus mollis, Alchemilla mollis) joined the dots of the sweet and thistle (Acanthus spinosus, Aralia spinosa) its opposite spinosa. Now they join Odoratus among the more than 5,000 entries in his illustrated dictionary.

Our suggestion: A little Latin botanical self-study might be a better use of some of your garden’s off-season time than watching a TV series you’ve already rewatched (and so could I). A plant’s Latin name is the only way to know what you’re getting when you buy plants in the spring, as common names vary by region – but you should know how certain words to decode.

Latin For Flower

Start with the plants in your garden, Dr. Or learn to address your houseplants by their proper names, Beighton suggested.

Latin Letter P In Flowers And Plants Letter Vector Image

This course provides a memory fitness test and treasure hunt. Surrender to the mystery, own the power: get to know your plants and the trivial bits of history of our human relationship with them.

Like magnolia, begonia, iris, and some others, the genus name camellia has been assimilated into English, rather than given a common name. “A handful of iconic garden plants have names that are easy to spell and pronounce, and widely used without being intimidating,” said Ross Beighton, author of “The Gardener’s Botanical: An Encyclopedia of Latin Plant Names.” Credit… Drawing from “The Gardener’s Botanical.”

“It is not the language spoken on the streets of ancient Rome,” said Dr. Carl Linnaeus about the nomenclature formalized in 1753. “It is based on that, but it incorporates much more ancient Greek, which exists mainly as a written language.”

Latin names are spelled differently by gardeners on different continents. Although there may be an “official” way (as listed in Dr. Beighton’s book), “say it however you like, most gardeners will understand you. Pronunciation is irrelevant when information is protected looking for plants online or in books.”

Latin Woman With Hibiscus Flower Art Illustration

“Accuracy – knowing the correct name of a plant – the key to find out everything about it,” says Dr. Bayton said.

Which bell? Native Eastern wildflower Mertensia virginica or Hyacinthoides non-scripta, a bulb from western Europe and England? Are campanula, also known as Scottish bluebells, or Australian, Texas or California bluebells a different genus?

Unlike common names, which can share multiple plants and vary locally, the Latin name is universal.

Latin For Flower

But even if we know the genus, we can step beyond “my hydrangea” to another word in Latin binomial, the species name or a specific adjective that changes it. We have Hydrangea quercifolia (translation: Hydrangea leaves like oak leaves, the oak belongs to the genus Quercus), which helps to distinguish it from Hydrangea paniculata (non-leaved).

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“Hydrangeas are a large group, and they don’t all need the same treatment,” said Dr. Byton said. “If you want to know how to prune one, there are four different ways – so knowing that it is a hydrangea is not enough information.”

(Here’s a pop quiz, or trick question: What is the common name for the hydrangea genus? Answer: None. that includes magnolia, rhododendron, camellia, iris, fuchsia, and begonia Dr. Beighton said, “Yes a handful of iconic garden plant names that are easy to spell and pronounce, and widely used.

Some Latin botanical names, such as primula from the Latin primus, indicate when the plant will flower – referring to its earliest flowers. Species names may do this more literally: vernalis (spring); aestivalis (summer), autumnal (autumn) or hymalis (winter) Credits… Drawing from “The Gardener’s Botanical”.

Sometimes, he said, the inaccuracies are not only difficult – the wrong plant is ordered, a plant is cut by mistake – but also dangerous. Although Castanea (true chestnut) and horse chestnut (Aesculus) share that one keyword in their common names and some characteristics (both deciduous trees bear spiny fruits), they are not related, and the fruits of the latter are called buckeyes. It is poisonous.

Summer Meadow Landscape With Blooming Cosmos Flower, Close Up Of 239573

Most Latin names are descriptive – sometimes obviously so. Toxicodron (genus poison ivy, oak, and sumac) urtica (stinging nettle; urtica means “burn”) is dangerous: toxicity or the possibility of urticaria, skin rash.

A species name may reveal a slightly more alarming characteristic, such as flower color. Yellowness can be flavous or luteous, citrinous (lemon-colored) or aureus (golden). Argentius is silver. Red is rubrum, like red maple (Acer rubrum); Rosy-pink, roses. Blue colors include azure (sky) and dark caerulus. Purple is purple. Album is white; Black, nigrum (black pepper, Piper nigrum).

Descriptors such as sylvatica (forest) or palustris (swamp), maritima (coast) or aquatic (in water) can refer to native habitats.

Latin For Flower

Some plants speak of their geographical origin. Various natives of eastern North America bear the epithets canadensis or virginiana. But it sometimes stirs: although the Scylla peruviana may have traveled not from Peru, but from its homeland of south-west Europe or north-west Africa on the ship Peru, said Dr. The rules of botanical nomenclature state that sticks are the oldest valid species name, so this is peruviana.

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There’s even an occasional anagram that redirects an existing genus name into something new and botanically related: Saruma is a relative of the familiar Asarum, such as the native ginger Asarum canadense.

“Sometimes taxonomists have fun with us,” Dr. Bayton said. “Like the man who named the cactus genus Denmosa from Argentina because it comes from the province of Mendoza.”

While many of the Latin plant names that developed the naming system toward Europe continue, Kirengeshoma used the Asian native (as in the Japanese words yellow, lily, and cap to describe its flowers) occasional local name. Courtesy .. of “The Gardener’s Botanical.”

A subset of plant names – genus and species – commemorate the explorer who discovered them or the person who funded the mission that discovered them.

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“Plants are named after politicians, named after botanists, and named after botanists’ wives,” Dr. Bayton said. “So while the information contained in Latin names is not always directly helpful to the gardener, there are many fascinating stories that explain how the world was explored and how plants were discovered.”

Not surprisingly, they gravitate towards Europe, the origin of this system. Frequent collectors include the Scottish botanist David Douglas (the epithet Douglasii, and Douglasia, a genus of western North American primrose relatives). British explorer Ernest Henry Wilson, who sent back thousands of plants from China, notes wilsoni (including magnolia and picea), and Irish planter Augustine Henry (including Lilium Henry).

Native Asian plants such as Fatsia (from the Japanese for eight fingers, describing the lobes of the leaves) and Kirengeshoma (the Japanese words for yellow, lotus, and cap, which describes its flowers) are used occasionally a local name. Catalpa sounds like botanical Latin, but it is the native North American name for a tree genus that includes two Native Americans.

Latin For Flower

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